The great pen licence debate. Can you imagine walking into a classroom and demanding to see licences from all of the children to prove that they have passed the pen test? If they’ve left it at home, can they bring it to the office later à la driving licences? Sounds preposterous? I agree.
Pen licences, a certificate and a (usually) horrible handwriting pen, are given to children that demonstrate neat handwriting. They are awarded for ‘accomplishing the pencil’ and this is something you can aspire to from around Year 4. Much like a driving licence, it can be revoked for misdemeanours – going off course, speeding (rushing the letter formation), causing collisions (with other words) etc.
Why do we use them? No one has stopped a child from picking up a paint brush because they haven’t mastered the pencil. No one has stopped a child from using a felt tip because they haven’t mastered the wax crayon. Or is there a secret hierarchy of mark making tools that I’m not privvy too? I must have missed that day at uni…
Pen licences are demeaning and add pressure where it’s really not needed. If you don’t have one, your self-esteem is impacted. If you’re finding it hard to meet the pen requirements, would you continue to put in the effort? Especially when you sit next to someone who already has their pen. If you do have a pen licence, there’s the constant effort to keep up the presentation for fear that the licence may be revoked. Is using a pen the be all and end all?
What would happen if licences were abolished and everyone got a pen regardless? What if the focus was not on moving to pen but being able to choose the writing implement that suits you best? What if we could lose the symbolism of a pencil being for younger or poorer writers and empower the children to have agency in their presentation?
I looked back at which children in each class had been given a licence and compared writing samples to those that hadn’t. It was clear that handwriting needed to be on the agenda but pen licences were not the fix. Conducting some pupil voice interviews, I asked those on pencils to explain how they had been supported to improve their handwriting:
‘I have to practise in the morning. I use a sheet and copy it.’
‘I have to go slower and take care.’
‘I have to take my time.’
‘I have to think about what I’m doing.’
The frustration was clear. The feedback they received was often about their presentation despite their efforts with the content. Yet little was being done to improve their handwriting apart from being told to do it better.
Handwriting must be taught and it must be taught well. Much like phonics, there is an opinion that handwriting is taught in KS1 and that it is not something for KS2 to focus on. I put handwriting back on the agenda for every class. We talked about how to teach handwriting and that handing out a practise sheet didn’t accomplish this. We moved from precursive in EYFS to securing print. There’s nothing worse than trying to un-teach poor letter formation as a Year 1 teacher. Using print ensures that letters are formed in the correct direction and makes joining more natural in later years. Print is continued into Year 1 and then we begin joining letters that make sense to do naturally. From Year 2 onwards, joins are taught systematically and applied through their writing. In upper KS2, handwriting is refined. The children develop a style and meet the requirements of the end of key stage assessments.
The children’s presentation was neater and our focus went back to the content of the writing. But what about pens? We gave every child from Year 2 up a pen. In fact, I gave them a choice of pen – the traditional Berol handwriting pen, a biro and a fountain pen. We let the children try them and choose what worked best for them. Most chose the biro. Very few opted for the fountain pen. I set some guidelines:
⁃ Year 2 will use pens for publishing work for display
⁃ KS2 children will have the choice of pen or pencil for each piece of work but published work will be in pen
⁃ Handwriting must continue to be taught systematically
⁃ Mistakes must be crossed out with a single line
It was amusing to see the shock on faces that everyone would have a pen without a licence; especially as we already have editing pens across the whole school and this is considered the norm. But everyone went with it and trialled it. Initially, it was a mixed bag. There were some untidy pieces of work in pen but through perseverance and systematic handwriting teaching this did improve. Gone was the pressure of the licence. The children are able to articulate their reasons for using a pencil (often for drafting) or pen for each piece of work. Allowing the children to choose the type of pen showed us that the traditional Berol pens are just not conducive to neat handwriting after the tip flattens, but biros last ages (and are much cheaper). Presentation has improved across the school. Those children that struggled with handwriting are benefitting from the teaching and often find the pens easier to move on the page.
So let’s end the pen licences. It’s demotivating for all. Let’s teach handwriting properly, give children the choice and get back to focusing on the content.
Before you go, can I just see your licence for using whiteboard pens? Oh, you don’t have one…back to the chalkboard for you then until you can prove your worthiness…